Research Proposal Template研究計劃
In addition to the information available in your study guide on writing research proposals, the following questions should guide your thoughts regarding each of the research proposal’s different components. Most of these issues need to be addressed for a successful proposal. However, some questions might be more/less relevant to your particular proposal. Select tick-boxes where appropriate. Write in the spaces provided. Double space your writing, write in full sentences and follow APA referencing.
1. Project title Answer here:
(500 words recommended) • What literature relates to this topic?
• #p#分頁標題#e#Have you indentified the key literature sources (3-5) that underpin your research?
• Why do we need to conduct research into this area?
How is this topic relevant to early childhood education?
TITLE: An analysis of the role of music education in children's holistic development
B•A•Cyxomjnhcknn once said: ‘’Spiritual need refers to the needs of moral, intellectual and aesthetic and interests, these are in the process of their active development, form and content. " Music as a form of aesthetic education, it is with the synchronous development of children, because children like music can be seen as the child's nature. Children do activities with the variety of music, they will act very positive, cheerful, lively and happy, they will get edify and development of both body and mind.
3. Research aim • In general, what is the aim of your research project?
• Is your aim clear, understandable and concise?
• Is your aim relevant to the topic and identified literature?
Answer here: Through theoretical basis as well as practical experiment, such as questionnaire and interview, this paper aims to examine the relationship between music and children’s holistic development, especially the psychological development.
Questions • What research questions do you want answered by your research?
• Are you research questions manageable?
• Will your research questions enable you to meet your research aim?
The questions of my research are;
1. Does music influence children’s holistic development?
2. Does music influence children’s physical development?
3. To what extent does music influence children’s psychological development?
5. Research process
5.1 #p#分頁標題#e#Participants • Who and how many participants will participate in your project?
• How will you select them, if you are not inviting them all?
• Have you described your participants?
I propose to choose TWO kinder garden and one college which has early childhood education department in New Zealand. The first school, we choose 38 teachers. We choose 132 students who are going to be the early childhood education teachers in the college. The third kinder garden, we choose 32 teachers as the participants of the experiment.
I require every to finish the questionnaires to validate the research, I permit several questionnaires is invalidated, and I will not consider those small number invalidated questionnaires.
5.2 Location of research • Where will the study be conducted?
• Have you described the type of centre involved and the number of children the centre is licensed for?
• In general, have you described the ethnicities in the centre and the decile rating of the school zone in which the centre is located?
• Have you kept the location anonymous?
• I will seek permission to conduct this research in the greater Auckland area.
The centre offers two-three days in the three schools that I choose. It is licensed with 198 teachers.
5.3 Method and its procedure: Describe how you will go about conducting your research with data collecting instrument • What procedures are involved in collecting the data?
• Will someone else be able to follow the same procedure from your descriptions?
• What measures are you going to use to collect your data (for example, questionnaires)? Have you adequately described them?
• Have you included your survey/interview/observation schedule in the Appendices and made reference to them?#p#分頁標題#e#
Firstly, I will investigate the basic information of the two kinder gardens,
Secondly, I will investigate the basic information of those participants that I choose for the experiment. For example, how many female teachers, how many male teachers, and their age.
Third, I will examine the instrument and books that they used to the teach the children music.
Finally, I will examine the children’s idea and their mental status through interview.
Surveys • How will participants receive questionnaires etcetera?
• How will participants return questionnaires (for example, by a return-stamped envelope, collection box at centre etcetera.)?
• Have you described your questionnaire?
Interviews • What processes are involved with the interviews (for example, place, how long, audio-recorded)?
• Will interviews be taking place at a convenient time?
• Have you described type of the interview, schedule and questions?
Focus group • What processes are involved (for example, place, how long, audio-recorded)?
• Will interviews be taking place at a convenient time?
• Have you described process of focus group, schedule and questions?
Observations • What exactly will you be observing?
• What type of observation will be used?
• When will observations take place, and who will be involved?
• Have you constructed an observation schedule to record your observations in a structured and accurate manner? (show observation schedule in Appendix)
• Have you described your observation technique and recording of data?
Other methods • If utilizing other methodology, what procedures are involved?
For this research the method to collect data will be questionnaires and interviews. Questionnaires is for teachers, and interviews is for children. These questionnaires will offer both qualitative and quantitative information, the questionnaires contains both multiple-choice question as well as open question. The multiple choice question is for the basic information and the open questions is for the personal opinion of the teachers on the influence of music.
6. Data analysis • Is your data quantitative (numerical), qualitative (words) or a combination of both?
• How will you analyse the data that you collect from your participants (for example, for quantitative data graphs, tables and percentages, and for qualitative data themes, categories and examples to illustrate the results)?
The data consists of both quantitative and qualitative analysis. The multiple choice questions will offer the basic information of the children and teachers age and gender, as well as the instruments and books that the teachers use to teach music. The open questions will offer the perspectives of the teachers .
In analysing the open questions’ answers of the teachers perspectives on music as a tool of learning, and will offer an means of reviewing to what extent teachers view music on children’s development.
These analyses will be expressed as table as readers can see it clearly.
7.Ethics - General • Have you read Research Ethics Guidelines?
• Have you selected a topic that is not going to cause harm to any of the parties involved?
• What are the ongoing implications of your study?
Anonymity and/or confidentiality • Is participation in your study anonymous?
• How will participants’ confidentiality be maintained?
Cultural sensitivity • #p#分頁標題#e#Is your study targeting a particular cultural group?
• If yes, have you embedded your study in the relevant cultural perspective?
• Have you considered the correct cultural protocols to obtain permission to conduct the study?
• Will you respect cultural beliefs and values of your participants?
Treaty of Waitangi • How is your research relevant to the principles of the Treaty of Waitangi?
• If focusing on Māori participants, have you considered commitments under the Treaty of Waitangi?
• Have you consulted with relevant cultural advisors, for example Māori leaders or Kaumatua?
• Does your research contribute to bi-culturalism? If yes, in what way?
• Have you made connections between your research and the principles of the Treaty?
Storage and destruction of data • Who apart from you will have access to the data?
• Where will the data be stored securely?
• Will data be destroyed upon completion of the study?
Publication of results • Will findings from the study be made available to participants?
Ethics – general: This research project does not intent to cause harm to any person. I have utilised the NZTC Ethical Guidelines to help develop every aspect of my proposal so that it is ethically as safe as possible for everyone.
Anonymity and/or confidentiality: All identities will be protected to ensure anonymity, and all information will remain confidential. The participant information sheet clearly states that no identifying information will be used within my research, and it further states that confidentiality is paramount.
Informed Consent: I will discuss fully and honestly the requirements of this research with my managers, supervisor, and the director of our centre. Through this openness I hope to gain their verbal approval and written permission to undertake this research in our centre. #p#分頁標題#e#
8. Time frame • Have you broken down the research components into a manageable and realistic time frame?
• Have you allowed sufficient time to write up the research project?
Reading and investigation on topic March 2013
Proposal submission April 2013
Commence literature review April 2013
Distribution of questionnaires MAY 2013
Drafting of literature review April 2013
Analysis of data MAY 2013
Research report writing May 2013
Research report due date May
9. References • Please list all your references here
• Have you followed the APA format in your reference list and in-text referencing? (http://www.nztertiarycollege.ac.nz/Resources/sudent/APAreferencingGuidelines.pdf)
 B•A•Cyxomjnhcknn. (1969). Dedicated the whole heart to children. Ukraine, SOVIET Union: Ukraine press.
 Lidan. (1987). Psychological Science of Children’s development. Shanghai, China: Huadong Normal University press.
 Xiaodong Liu. (1998). The new theory of Children’s education. Jiangsu, China: Jiangsu Educational press.
 Xuzhuo Ya. (2000). Preschool music education for children. Tokyo, Japan: People’s education press.
 Jiny, L. (1998). The music education for children. England: Atlantic Books press.
 Dony, Ma. (1996). Music educational Science. Korea: Soseul Unversity Press.
 Yin Aiqing. (2004). An introduction to the music education. Peking. China: The central national university Press.
 Shina, G. (2007). The new concept of Music education. Singapore: Artist centre press.
 Faliang, Z. (2008), The study on the holistic development of the brain. Education analysis. Vol. 7, 214-219.#p#分頁標題#e#
 Guosheng J. (2004). The science of brain and education. Xian, China: Shanxi normal university.
 Caly. (1999). The pedagogy of music. India: People central press.
 Cheng Luxia. (1999). The study on music education. ShijiaZhuang: Hebei Technological Press.
 Zhengli. (2011). Modern music education theory and method. Malaysia: The art and music press.
 Caoli. (2010). Normal school music teaching science. Hongkong: Hongkong press.
Appendices • Have you made reference to the Appendices in your proposal?
• Your appendices could include data gathering methodologies (for example, questionnaire, interview questions, and/or an observation schedule etcetera.)
Attach questionnaire/interview/observation schedule
Do not attach Participation Information Sheets or Consent forms
Ethics Checklist (delete where appropriate)
Does the research involve children? Yes No
Does the research involve animals? Yes No
Does the research involve any kind of experiment? Yes No
Does the research involve any kind of intervention? Yes No
Is there any potential physiological, psychological or emotional harm to participants? Yes No
Does the research target any cultural group? Yes No
Does the research go against the principles of the Treaty of Waitangi? Yes No
Does the research compromise the anonymity of the participants? Yes No
Are the participants denied informed consent? Yes No
Are any potential participants being excluded? #p#分頁標題#e#Yes No
Is there any possible harm to the researcher? Yes No
Does the research process disadvantage any group/person? Yes No
Are any participants with special needs involved? Yes No
Does the research involve any kind of deception? Yes No
Is the research conducted outside of New Zealand? Yes No
Does the research target a specific cultural group? Yes No
Does the research target Māori issues? Yes No
Is any external party (for example, Kaumata, whanau Māori) consulted? Yes No
Does the research involve any further ethical issues requiring consideration under the NZTCREC Ethical Guidelines? Yes No
Thank you for agreeing to participate in my research.
Please take a few minutes to complete the questionnaire below.
Multiple choice Questions:
1. Which age group do you teach?
Babies ( ) Toddlers ( ) Young children ( )
2. To which age group do you belong?
Under 20 ( ) 20-29 #p#分頁標題#e#( ) 30-39 ( )
40-49 ( ) 50-+ ( ) Withheld( )
3. How long have you been teaching early childhood?
1 year ( ) 2 years ( ) 3 years ( )
4 years ( ) more ( ) Withheld( )
Maori ( ) Chinese ( ) Samoan ( )
European ( ) Indian ( ) Tongan ( )
Kiwi ( ) Other ( ) withheld ( )
5. What is your studying degree?#p#分頁標題#e#
High school ( ) Bachelor’s degree ( ) Master ( ) Doctor ( )
1. Does your school have piano ? Yes / No
2. Does your school have electronic piano? Yes / No
3. Does your school have clang? Yes / No
4. Do you have the teaching books for children’s music class? Yes / No
5. Does your school have the self-made things for music teaching? Yes/ No
1. What teaching method are you going to use if the children have poor music ability?
2. What teaching method are you going to use if the children is not pay attention to your teaching?
3. What teaching method are you going to use if the children is not fond of music?
4. What do you think the influence that music plays to children’s development?
5. To what extent that the music influences the most to children’s physical and emotional development?