Introduction and Review of Literature 介紹和文獻
近期海歸創業者一直是一個熱門的話題，鑒于越來越多的中國學生出國留學，而且越來越多的他們決定他們的學習/工作/火車后返回自己的祖國。此外，中國政府正在鼓勵“群眾創業”，并提供了許多優惠的政策，也是為了創造一個適合和容易誰想要開始自己的創業人的環境中建立多個孵化器和科學園區在全國各地，創業富民，創新，創造力和企業家精神的新引擎未來的經濟增長為中國。因此，海歸創業者，這里被定義為生活在發達國家的列車，工作或學習的目的，并已返回自己的國家經過數年的業務經驗和或國外教育創建一個新的合資公司技術人員，應有大致相同的問題。文獻顯示，海歸創業者創造的技術型企業表現出更好的性能，在創新方面，與當地企業家擁有的企業相比，由于跨境人口流動的，特殊的人力資本和社會資本的他們從海外獲得的經驗（劉等，2009; Filatotchev等，2010）。這些研究主要使用定量的研究方法，并主要集中在海歸創業者的背景和特點，以及它們如何影響公司的業績，他們在高科技創建行業在中國。然而，很少有人知道該怎么辦海歸創業者不斷地利用自己的人力資本，他們已經創造了新的企業后，比如，他們怎么招募新的管理團隊成員和其他雇員，以及如何做人力資本這些海歸創業者之后獲得他們創建了新的合資企業將影響企業在其他行業的表現，例如，教育產業。因此，要彌補這些差距，需要一個定性研究更深的了解海歸企業家的行為，開發人力資本和如何人力資本影響新企業的性能方面。Returnee entrepreneur has been a hot topic recently, given the fact that more and more Chinese students are studying abroad, and more and more of them decide to return to their home country after their study/work/train. Moreover, the Chinese government is now encouraging “mass entrepreneurship”, and provides many preferential policies and also building many incubators and sciences parks all over the country in order to create an environment that is suitable and easier for anybodywho wants to start their own venture, making innovation, creativity and entrepreneurship the new engine for the future economic growth for China. However, the traditionalChinese education system does not encourage an “entrepreneurial mindset”, since it pays more attention to compliance and academic excellence instead of risk taking, creativity or deviation—the necessary elements of entrepreneurship (Zhao, 2015). Therefore, returnee entrepreneurs, here defined as skilled personnel that have lived in a developed country for the purpose of train, work or study and have returned to their home country to create a new venture after several years of business experience and or education abroad, should have less of the same problem. Literaturesshow that the technology-based firms created by returnee entrepreneurs showed better performancein terms of innovation,compared with the firms owned by local entrepreneurs, because of the cross-border human mobility, special human capital and social capital they gained from their oversea experiences (Liu et al, 2009.; Filatotchev et al, 2010).These studies mainly used a quantitative research approach, and focused on the background and characters of the returnee entrepreneurs and how they affect the performance of the firms they created in high-technology industries in China. However,very little is known about how do returnee entrepreneurs continually exploit their human capital after they have created their new ventures, for instance, how do they recruit new management team members and other employees, and howdoes the human capital these returnee entrepreneurs gain after they created their new venture affects the performance of the firms in other industries, for example, the education industry. Therefore, to fill these gaps, a qualitative research is needed to deeperunderstand the behaviors of the returnee entrepreneurs in terms of exploitinghuman capital and how does the human capital affect the performance of the new venture. #p#分頁標題#e#
I will use a qualitative research method, and in order to understand the phenomenon of how returnee entrepreneur exploiting their human capital and how does the human capital affect the performance of the new venture deeply, a single case study will be carried out to investigate the what does the returnee entrepreneur do and how does it affect the new venture. TransLegal Shanghai is a newly founded company which is aimed to provide legal English training to lawyers and law school students. It is founded by a young female returnee entrepreneur who was just graduated from Boston University, and all the other management team members are returnees. It is in a crucial stage of its development where it has built up its infrastructures and done many publicities, and is ready to launch its first course sessions to the public, in the meanwhile, it is also recruitingemployees, and finding new ways to market itself. It is a typical returnee-founded new venture, and it is at a stage of major transformation, that is the main reason I choose this company to conduct my case study. Data will be collected mainly three ways: 1) interviews with the founder and the other key management team members; 2) observations of daily routine works and job interviews with the job hunters who want to work with TransLegal and 3) documentary analysis (Collis & Hussey, 2009).Also, using data triangulation method- multiple sources of data, will reduce bias in data sources as well as leading to greater validity and reliability than using a single sources of data (Jick, 1979; Denzin, 1978, cited in Collis & Hussey, 2009).I will start to collect the data since mid-May, as soon as the ethic forms get approved, until early August. Therefore, there is plenty of time for me to collect and analyze the data, and these three ways allow me to get both primary and secondary data.
Filatotchev, I., Liu, X., Buck, T & Wright, M. (2009). ‘The export orientation and export performance of high-tech SMEs in emerging markets: The effects of knowledge transfer by returnee entrepreneurs’, Journal of International Business Studies, 40(7), pp. 1005-1021.
Liu, X., Lu, J., Filatotchev, I., Buck, T. & Wright, M. (2010). ‘Returnee entrepreneurs, knowledge spillovers and innovation in high tech firms in emerging economies’, Journal of International Business Studies, 41, pp.1183-1197.
Zhao, Y., (2015). China Encourages College Students to Suspend Study and Become Entrepreneurs and Innovator. .
Jill, C., and Hussey, R. (2009). Business Research, a Practical Guide for Undergraduate & Postgraduate Students. 3rdedn. Palgrave Macmillan.